力度術語

pp ( pianissimo)極弱
p  ( piano )
mp ( mezzo piano )中弱
mf (mezzo forte )中強
f   ( forte )
ff  ( fortissimo )極強
sotto voce柔聲
mezzo voce柔聲,音量少一些
sf.,fz.,sfz.
( subito forte,forzando,sforzando )
突強
crescendo ( cresc. )漸強
decrescendo ( decresc.)漸弱
diminuendo ( dim. )漸弱
calando漸慢而弱
morendo漸慢而弱,逐漸消失
perdendosi漸慢而弱,逐漸消失

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